California neighborhood alternative aggregator (CCA) Monterey Bay Community Power has signed a memorandum of understanding to discover shopping for the power from a 1,000-megawatt floating offshore wind farm.
It’s an early, if no-stakes, declare to what might be an enormous offshore wind alternative set to open by way of federal offshore lease public sale subsequent 12 months, assuming floating wind turbine technology can meet the exams of wind, wave and California’s energy markets.
This week’s MOU, which isn’t a binding contract, requires a long-term power buy settlement between Monterey Bay Community Power and Castle Wind LLC, a three way partnership of EnBW North America and Trident Winds Inc. The power is to be delvered by 2025 from the Castle Wind Offshore project, which might see round 100 wind generators held upright by floating substructures anchored to the ocean flooring 30 miles off California’s Central Coast.
It’s probably the most public step but by one of many greater than a dozen builders which can be reportedly eyeing California’s offshore wind potential, including Avangrid Renewables, EDF, EDP, E.ON and Equinor. The federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management is planning to carry an public sale in 2020 for leases off California’s shoreline.
Castle Wind’s curiosity in the project dates again to 2015, when it first submitted a lease request for the federally regulated stretch of ocean flooring west of Morro Bay, Calif. As we reported final week, EnBW EnBW, has major stakes in U.S. offshore wind, regardless of being left on the sidelines in December’s BOEM public sale.
Morro Bay hosts a now-closed power plant, with the related high-voltage transmission infrastructure wanted to hold the project’s power to shore. And it’s additionally close to the Diablo Canyon nuclear plant, California’s final, which is set to close by 2025 and take away about 2.2 gigawatts of baseload power from the area’s grid.
Of course, floating wind generators have but to show themselves at gigawatt scale. But the primary commercial-scale floating wind farm, Statoil’s 30-megawatt Hywind Scotland, has set a robust observe report, hitting a outstanding 65 percent capacity factor in its first winter of operations, and touchdown a first-of-a-kind, 20-year PPA with Danske Commodities in June.
In the long term, floating generators might drastically develop the ocean territory open to wind power growth, whereas slowly lowering prices to match these of fastened offshore wind by the mid-2020s, in accordance with the Department of Energy. In February, DOE’s ARPA-E agency directed $28 million towards new floating wind applied sciences, noting that about 60 p.c of the nation’s offshore potential lies in waters greater than 200 ft deep.
Offshore wind would face stiff worth competitors in California from its rising share of solar power, in addition to remotely generated onshore wind from different states. But the excessive capability issue of generators spinning far out into the ocean might additionally assist stabilize the state’s electrical energy supply-demand stability because it seeks to combine an growing share of intermittent renewable energy into its grid.
Monterey Bay Community Power is considered one of a growing number of CCAs taking up the power procurement accountability from investor-owned utilities in cities and counties throughout California, and increasing their share of accountability for the state’s future renewable energy objectives.
CCAs are increasing their present 2 gigawatts of renewables beneath contract by one other gigawatt this 12 months, and they’re set to hit 10 gigawatts by 2030 — concerning the quantity that California’s built-in useful resource plan initiatives they’ll must match their projected share of the state’s electrical buyer base.
MBCE isn’t the one CCA to precise a non-binding curiosity in offshore floating wind. In April 2018, the Redwood Coast Energy Authority announced it had chosen a consortium, together with floating wind platform developer Principle Power, to discover a 100-megawatt to 150-megawatt project off the Humboldt County coast.