A German startup goals to promote a self-charging electrical automotive lined in solar panels from 2022 after elevating practically $60 million in a latest 50-day crowdfunding marketing campaign.
Munich-based Sono Motors expects its €25,500 ($27,600) electrical automotive, the Sion, to learn from a variety extension of as a lot as 20 miles per day in Germany, relying on the season and climate, because of a solar charging system built-in into the physique of the automotive.
More than 13,000 clients have already preordered the car, the corporate mentioned. It expects the primary automobiles to roll off the meeting line of a former Saab manufacturing facility in Trollhättan, Sweden in September 2021, with quantity manufacturing firstly of 2022.
Sono’s €53.3 million neighborhood fundraising marketing campaign ought to enable the corporate to construct its first prototypes and power up its manufacturing and testing amenities, mentioned Ann-Kathrin Schroeder, advertising director.
The firm is trying to elevate an additional €205 million earlier than beginning manufacturing, she mentioned. Of this, round €70 million can be within the type of debt capital from banks, subsidy suppliers and personal lenders.
The Sion can be powered by a 35-kilowatt-hour battery containing 192 prismatic lithium-ion cells with a nickel, manganese and cobalt ratio of 6:2:2.
Sono says the automotive may have a variety of 255 kilometers (159 miles) on a single cost, and the battery ought to take 30 minutes to recharge as much as 80 % at a speedy charging station.
The Sion will embody bidirectional charging technology so it may be used as a cell energy storage machine, and also will function a novel moss-based dashboard air purifying system. But probably the most revolutionary function is the presence of 248 solar cells unfold throughout the skin of the automotive.
A rendering of the Sion’s moss-based dashboard air purifying system. (Credit: Sono Motors)
Why hasn’t anybody else considered this?
Sono plans to make use of solar panels as a substitute of paint as a overlaying for the Sion, embedding the cells in polymer reasonably than glass to lighten the shell of the car by 20 % in comparison with customary steel physique components.
The firm’s viSono solar physique panels are designed to ship as much as 220 watts per sq. meter, in comparison with 180 watts for traditional PV. “This enables the Sion, through the power of the sun alone, to generate an additional range of up to 5,800 kilometers [3,600 miles] per year, completely emission-free and free of charge,” mentioned Schroeder.
In apply, the vary extension will rely on native circumstances. Sono calculates the Sion may journey round an additional 2 miles a day in December, or 15 in July, in common Munich climate. These ranges may drop to round 2 and 6 miles, respectively, beneath cloudy circumstances, or 6 and 21 in sunshine.
“This makes the car ideal for commuters, who do an average of 17 kilometers a day to get to work in Germany,” Schroeder mentioned. “Our goal is to cover many short trips with solar energy only. We are convinced that solar integration can further support e-mobility in achieving a breakthrough in the mass market.”
Tom Heggarty, a principal analyst in Wood Mackenzie’s energy transition apply, was extra circumspect concerning the idea. “I can’t see that kind of solution ever being anything more than very niche,” he mentioned.
“Does the fact that you’re getting that panel for free offset the additional cost of [integrating] the PV panels? I don’t know.”
Sono is considered the primary automotive producer planning a solar-panel-coated automotive for mass manufacturing. However, solar panels are already being utilized in motor transportation elsewhere.
In the Netherlands, for instance, the coach firm FlixBus this month introduced it had put in solar panels on a bus carrying passengers from Dortmund in Germany to London within the U.Ok. The panels feed on-board electronics reasonably than contributing to the car’s motive power.
Nevertheless, the corporate mentioned the panels had helped minimize diesel consumption by 7 %, equal to round 1.7 liters per 100 kilometers (62 miles).
“Based on the initial results, we will evaluate the extent to which we amplify this pilot to more buses or even all buses in the network,” commented Jesper Vis, managing director of FlixBus Benelux, in a press release.